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Poindexter Descendants Association Poindexter Descendants Association Screen readers, skip to the Table of Contents

Life of George Poindexter 1

Timeline of an Immigrant

The following is reprinted from the PDA Newsletter, January 2008, Volume 28, Issue 1. This timeline of George's life events based on research by the Research Committee and presented in the Newsletter by Robin Daviet, Chair. The original article is one column with the second column listing social and political events happening along the timeline points. Refer to the newsletter to read the second column. Membership and password is required to view the Newsletter.

1627 born at Swan Farm on Isle of Jersey

23 Dec 1627 baptized, St Saviour Church, Isle of Jersey (St. Saviour Parish Records show Godparents Thomas Poingdestre and Marie Effard, parents Thomas Poingdestre and Elizabeth Effard.)

14 September 1645 “Register of baptisms in the Church of St. Saviour kept by me Thomas Poingdestre on account of the nonchalance of the clerk who has been in neglect since 14 September 1645 until today 12 September 1652” “Mr. Poingdestre then proceeded to register baptisms until 1654, but no further entires were made in this register until 1660….there were no entries whatsoever in the register of marriages during the whole of the period between 1645 and 1660, and only one in the register of burials, that one having been made in 1647” (The Parish Church of St. Saviour, Jersey by F. de L. Bois 1976 published by Phillimore & Co. LTD, London and Chichester Above is Rev. Thomas Poingdestre. The lack of records keeping for St. Saviour Church during this time frame could be why we have been unable to find a marriage record for George or baptismal records for at least his earliest children.)

Between January 1651/2 and 1654 most likely immigrated to Virginia Colony possibly along with his uncle Jean (John) Poingdestre and probably his cousin Peter Effard. (After the fall of Elizabeth Castle we know Jean leaves Jersey along with many of the Royalists. Jean returned by 1654 proven through his presentation of a child for Baptism at St. Saviour that year. Jean was able to work with the Parliamentarian leaders because they respected his extensive knowledge of Norman-Jersey law.)

1656 and at least a portion of 1657 Jean Poingdestre serves on the vestry of St. Saviour on the Isle of Jersey.

1657 shipped cows from Isle of Jersey to Virginia Colony (Jersey Sailing Ships by Jean John, Phillimore, Sussex England 1982 [It appeared with material on the internet provided for the “2001 Year of the Jersey” by Hans Nørgaard, Denmark, September 2001] "Although early reports of the exports of cattle are few, we do know that in 1657 George Poindexter (Poingdestre) and Peter Effard were sending cows to America in small numbers.” Historical fact tells us some ships kept cows on board for the maintenance of the officers and their families on long voyages. The cows also furnished the ship's crew with fresh milk during the voyage. The cows transported by George and Peter may have been some of these “ship’s cows” which they kept a few of here in America.)

1657 – 1659 Jean (John) does not appear in Jersey records according to author John Landers. (Did Jean (John) return to the Virginia Colony to visit his nephew and Peter Effard or to settle some business matters he might have left incomplete? Was he on a ship overseeing the transportation of cows to the Virginia Colony?)

15 March 1657/8 received Land Grant, Milford Haven, Gloucester Co., Virginia Colony (Cavaliers and Pioneers Abstrats of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666 Patent Book No. 4 p. 163 “George Poyndexter [sic] & George Tompson 350 ac[re]s Gloster Co., At the head of Eagles Nest Cr[eek] in Milford Haven, beg. at marked trees of Richard Longe, running to the head of greene branch which lyes upon the back of Conglins land. Trans[port] of 7 pers[ons] [to the Virginia Colony] Mary Joanes 1 Negro, Eliz. Depthford, Jno. ____, Alex Duncombe, Christian Bensly(?), James Knuckly.” Regulations stated headrights should not be given until the individual for which headrights were being claimed had been in the Virginia Colony for at least three years. Claims for headrights are documented as much as fifty years after an individual came into the colony.)

1659 listed as resident of Middle Plantation (Virginia Colony Census Report)

21 November 1659 shown living in context with neighbors . (York County, Virginia Records) 1659 – 1662 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1989 “I Henry Townsend, for dives causes & good considerations, especially for rent in part and rest to be paid forthwith, make over to Robert Horsington, 125 acres of land on south side of Mill Swamp, next to George Poyntexter [sic]…Recorded 24 Jan. 1659”/60)

8 November 1660 Peter Efford gave a deposition in which he stated his age as 49. (York County, Virginia Records 1659 - 1662 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1989)

24 June 1661 Robert Weekes is appointed Constable in place of George Poyntexter [sic] by Capt. Daniel Parke. (York County, Virginia Records 1659 – 1662 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1989)

25 August 1662 Mr. John Page deposed in court that within account is full acct. of 6 HHds tob. (4 of which were in dispute with Mr. Efford) as he received same out of England and he hath satisfied same to said Efford, so far as is due except acct. of Poyntexter [sic]. Mr. John Page, D’r 1662 Lists: goods paid to George Poyntexter by his order, goods bought of Nicholas Seabrell with my money, freight paid for gun bought for William Morris. On this account court finds Mr. Page Debtor as follows: To division on Mr. Poyntexter – 5 s To a pr. Of stockins – 7 s charged to Mr. Efford by Mr. Page, which he ought not to have paid – L 1/4/11 (York County, Virginia Records 1659 – 1662 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1989)

26 March 1663 at General Court at James Citty[sic], Sr. William Berkeley, Knt., etc., Tho. Ludwell, Sr., Coll. William Bernard, Coll. Thomas Swann, Coll. Richard Lee, Richard Bennett, Theophilus Bland, ESQUIRES: The difference between Maj. Joseph Croshaw, attorney on behalf of Edward Wyatt and Peter Efford concerning land escheated. It is judgement of court that land was legally established as Wyatt’s, who paid, and it is ordered a lease be granted to said Wyatt, and during rest of the time Efford is to make no wast on the land and keep housing in repair. Efford quiet (missing) 50 acres purchased of Col. Reed. Fra. Kirkman, Cl. Cur. (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987 Escheat refers to the reversion of property to the state (the Crown or Proprietor) when there were no qualified heirs. Patents reverted to the Crown or the proprietor when the patentee died without heirs or was convicted of certain crimes. Edward Wyatt was the administrator of John Clarke’s will and assisted his widow in obtaining her dower rights. When no heir came forward after John’s widow passed, Edward apparently claimed the land.)

15 April 1663 is residing at Middle Plantation along with Peter Effard. (Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia A collection of abstracts from original documents concerning the lands and people of Colonial Gloucester County compiled by Polly Cary Mason York County Deeds, Orders, Wills, 1665-72, IV Pg 46 Power of Attorney – Edward Wyatt to Joseph Croshaw I Edward Wyatt of the county of Gloster have appointed my well beloved friend Major Joseph Croshaw of Poplar Necke in the County of Yorke my true & Lawfull Attorney to enter into in the County of Yorke… commonly knowne by the name of the middle plantacon & now in the possession of Peter Efford, George Poindexter, Jno Page or any other persons & for mee…to sell or lease the sd tracts of lande [etc.]. Edw: Wyatt

1 April 1664 Peter Effard of Middletown Parish, York Co., for love & affection to my young coz. Jno. Poindexter, son of my coz. George Poindexter, a mare, and her foal to my coz. Elizabeth Poindexter. (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

1 April 1664 had agreement with Peter Effard concerning lease of farm in York County, Middleton Parish, Virginia Colony

1 April 1665 Peter Efford, for love & affection to my cosen George Poyndexter a dark brown cow, 7 yrs. old. Recorded 13 April 1665 (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

1665 was a Shipowner and Slaveholder in Virginia. (Jersey Sailing Ships by Jean John, Phillimore, Sussex England 1982 listed amongst the “Merchants and Shipowners of local origin before 1800”.)

map image of Qhuuen Hith Wharf 1653 A.D.24 August 1665 Will of Peter Efford, George's maternal cousin and business partner (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987 Complete text of Will of Peter Efford):

To son Nicholas Efford and daughter Sarah Efford (both under age) all my estate and all my tobacco in hands of Mr. John Currell in Abchurch Lane, Mr. Jonathan Smith in Bow Lane; the tobacco being in a warehouse of mine near Queenhith in Hogs Lane, equall divided. [Note: Queenhithe is an old wharf area in London today and less than a half mile from both Abchurch Lane and Bow Lane.]

Also to them £100, equally divided, but if they die under 21, then to my kinsman Mr. Terrell Prebend of Windsor. John Weldon, Minister of Newington and Abbertus Skinner, Gent., to be executors. Wit: Richard Dolton, Jane Baker, Will Cox, Joane Woodi Signed: Peter Efford (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987 Complete text of Will of Peter Efford.

The following was found online at

In the name of God Amen, I Peter Efford being of good understanding and memory do make this my last will and testament in manner and form following. First I recommend my soule to the hands of Almighty God believing in the merits of my Saviour Jesus Christ for salvation next I commit my body to the earth from which it was "existed." And for my worldly goodes God hath of his mercy seen forth to give me I give in manner in form following. Item, I given and bequeath to my daughter, Sonne Nicolas Efford, all my good and personall things I have over in the plantation of Virginia. Item, I given unto them, all my tobacco in the hands personally of Mr. John Purill in Merchants "law" and Mr. Johnathan Smith in Boroland, the said Tobaccoe being in a warehouse of mine now sold said to be equally divided. Item, I give and bequeath to my Sonne Nicolas and Sarah, my daughter one hundred pounds to be divided equally between them but if either of the said Nicolas and Sarah should dye before they reach the age of one and twenty years that the said hundred pounds should be paid to my overseer Mr. David Perbbend of Windsor to whome I give it. Item, I name and appoint John Weldon, Minister of Newington and Alburtus Skinner said executors of this my last will and testament appointing them to see this my last will and testatment fulfilled and to take ward of the children if they live according to proved at wording to my estate left for them and to what is remarrying when they shall come of age and to this hand and this my last will and testament for whereof I shally put my hand and seale dated this 24th of August 1665 Signum Petri Efford sealed in wittness of Ruth Dolton, the mark of William Clarke, Signum Joane Baker the mark of Joan Wooding PROBATUM Latin, FiIled in London, England Perogative Court of Canterbury

4 November 1665 George was appointed by Robert Bristow of Ware Parish, Gloucester Co. as his attorney to receive of John Woods and William Plumtree tobacco due by bill. (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

2 October 1666 Peter Efford’s Will was proved. Peter and his son died of the Plaque while in London. Only daughter Sarah survived him, as she was probably in Virginia.

4 December 1666 Probate at Prerogative Court of Canterbury (in Latin) signed by Simon Rolleston, Register Recorded in York Co. Jno. Harrisn, Ben Woel, Sam Cooper Will Collier, Sands Knowles, Matt Payne all swear [afore mentioned] is will of Peter Efford. (York County, Virginia Records 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

6 December 1666 John Weldon of Parish of Mary Newington in County of Surry, Clarke, surviving executor of Peter Efford, dec’d, and guardian to Sarah Efford, only surviving child of said Peter: On 1 April 1664 Peter Efford of Middletown Parish, York Co., let to farm to George Poindexter of same, for a term of years not yet expired, a plantation in Middle Plantation. Peter Efford by agreement 1 April 1664 agreed that Benjamin Burke should dwell on plantation of said Efford in Powhatan in York Co., for a term of years not yet expired; I appoint Richard Stocke of London, Merchant, my attorney to obtain from Poindexter and Burke and all others accountable to the estate, what is due. Wit: Sam Cooper, Will Collier, Sands Knowles, Tho. Parker, Jr., Matth. Payne, Ri. Banner Signed: John Weldon William Collier swore in court 24 April 1667 to above deed. (York County, Virginia Records 1659 – 1662 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987 Sarah Efford, Peter’s only living heir, married Samuel Welden, of London [possibly the son or nephew of her guardian, Rev. John Welden] who came to Virginia in 1675 as factor of Capt. Philip Foster, a merchant of London. Samuel appears in York County Records. He located in James City County where resided Poynes Weldon, a lawyer. Samuel became a J. P. in James City County. Sarah was listed as the “widow of Major Samuel Weldon” in 1692/3. The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Oct., 1897), pp. 121-132)

8 January 1667/8 George purchased land, Middle Plantation, VA Colony (Records of Colonial Gloucester County Virginia A collection of abstracts from original documents concerning the lands and people of Colonial Gloucester County compiled by Polly Cary Mason York County Deeds, Orders, Wills, 1665-72, IV Pg 166 Deed– Edward Wyatt to George Poindexter “I Edward Wyatt of the County of Glouster Gent:have sold unto George Poindexter…all the land I have at the middle Plantacon…& I doe oblige myself in case the above land shall all of it be legally recovered from the said Poindexter to pay unto {him} 47L sterlg that being the sume which the said Poindexter was to give for the sd land.” Assignment of Dower Rights – Jane Wyatt to George Poindexter “I doe hereby assign all my right & title of my thirds to the above land to Mr George Poindexter.” Power of Attorney – Edward Wyatt to Richard Croshaw We Edward Wyatt & Jane Wyatt doe appoint our good freind [sic] Capt Richard Croshaw our Attorney to acknowledge a bill of sale of a pcell of Land Lyinge at the middle plantacon sould by me the sd Edward Wyatt to Mr George Poindexter.)

NOTE about double dating: The change from the Jukian to the Gregorian calendar in England and its colonies lagged the changeover in other countries. It's not always clear when reading colonial records which calendar was being used when dating documents. Some clerks would use the double dates, such as 1667/8 to indicate both calendars. More info on dating from the Connecticut State Library.

1667 – 1685 during this time frame became a prosperous merchant and planter.

20 December 1669 father, Thomas Poingdestre, Seigneur of Fief es Poingdestres, was buried at St. Saviour Church, Isle of Jersey

January 1669/70 impanelled on jury in York County Court with Edward Wade (foreman), Henry Jackson, Issac Collier, Henry Lee, William Major, Thomas Holder, Ben Lillingston, James Elcocke, John Myhill, John Cooper and James Vaulx. On trial were Andrew Michell and John Rumbell for killing a hog. (York County, Virginia Record 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

January 1669/70 allowed Robert Moody as a witness who was paid 40 lbs tob. (York County, Virginia Record 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

January 1669/70 allowed John Webber as a witness for two days who was paid 80 lbs. tob. (York County, Virginia Record 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

10 November 1670 sold to Mathew Bullock one black horse. Wit: George Poindexter, Jr. Signed: Geo. Poindexter (York County, Virginia Record 1665 – 1672 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987 George Jr most likely was at least 14 years old to be a witness for this transaction.)

1672 York County, Virginia Record Book #5 – 1672 – 1776 p.2 (Much torn and missing) purchased 50 acres of wood low ground in Marston Parish on the Mill Swamp, joining land of ____, from William Bell Wit: Robert Cobbs, Ambrose Cobbs Signed William (his mark) Bell Acknowledged in court by Daniell Wyld for said Bell & wife. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1989)

22 February 1671/2 Mr. Wyld: Pray do me the favor to acknowledge 50 acres of land on my behalf _______ Poindexter by bill of sale doeth make appear and William Bell. Teste: Robert Vaulx Signed: __________ (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1989)

13 April 1672 granted certificate for 1210 acres of land for the importation of John Crishlone, William Loving, Sylle Hayes, Esten Jones, Andrew Kerle, William Leach, Jno. Robinson, Forge Fizell, Robert Kidwell, Robert Jones, John _____, _____ Browne, Michell Perkins, Hanna Silbay, Susannah Poindexter, Mary Bucks, Anne Allen, Anne Moore, John Jones, Elisha Hord, Ruth Brightwell, Tom a negro, Nanne a negro, into this country. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

13 April 1672 Samuel Westly, servant to Mr. George Poindexter, imported in the “Rebecca”, Capt. Christopher Evoling, Commander is adjudged age 16 and is to serve until 24. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

24 April 1673 Robert Jones, servant to Mr. George Poindexter, this day pducing [sic] a certificate from the office at Gravesend, whereby he was bound, by which it appeareth hee hath served his full tyme, Itt [sic] is ordered the hee [sic] be free & that hee have his corn & clothes paid & delivered him. (Virginia Will Records From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, the William and Mary College Quarterly, and Tyler’s Quarterly, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1982. Following reference shows same record expect indicts it occurred on same day George applied for his headrights for Robert Jones, 13 April 1672 York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

25 May 1674 In the difference between Martin Gardner on behalf of Henry Tiler, dec’d, and George Poindexter, about 1000 lbs. tob. for felling and carrying away timber from said Henry’s land, it is ordered that before next court, Robert Cobbs, Xpher Peirson, Robert Weekes, Morris Herd, George Bates and Peter Glanister go on the land and view the damage since the death of said Tiler. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

22 June 1674 We the undersigned, by order of York Court of June 1674, did meet and go upon the land of the orphans of Mr. Henry Tiler, dec’d to view damage done by Mr. George Poindexter by felling and moving away some timber; and we view the damages to be 500 lbs tob. Morris (w) Heard, Robert Cobbs, George (B) Bates, Christopher Peirson, Peter (G) Glanister, Robert Reader (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

24 July 1674 Whereas Mr. Robert Cobbs, Christopher Peirson, Robert Weekes, Morris Hurd, George Bates and Peter Glenister were, at last court, ordered to go up on land belonging to the orphan of Mr. Henry Tiler, dec’d, to value the damage done by Mr. George Poindexter thereon by destroying the timber. They report 500 lbs. tob. damages. It is ordered that Poindexter pay Mr. Martin Gardiner, father in law and guardian of said orphan and to pay 230 lbs tob. to the witnesses and 240 lbs to the viewers. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III)

24 July 1674 Whereas Mr. William Leach was arrested to this court at suit of Mr. George Poindexter for 780 lbs tob. and no security, it is ordered that the sheriff pay, unless he produce Leach at next court. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III)

24 February 1674/5 Will of Henry Townsend of Bruton Parish, York Co., “very sick” To Matthew Edwards, all my land and houses, 7 years after my death. For the 7 years I give John Otey the land and houses to plant. To Mattew Edwards, I give one servant Thomas Dason, to serve him two years from the time I bought him from Mr. George Poindexter… (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

28 August 1675 when visiting his mother and other kin in Jersey, George wrote a letter equally dividing his inheritance of property and goods on the Isle of Jersey upon the death of his still living mother, Mistress Elizabeth Effard between his nephew, Jean Poingdestre and his niece Mistress Marie Poingdestre which was passed before Jean Poingdestre Esq Lieutenant Baliff of the Isle of Jersey. King’s Jurats present were Jean Pipon, Thomas Pipon, Jean De La Cloche, and Philippe Le Geyt. (Isle of Jersey Land Registry, Book 24, Page 106)

25 October 1675 Thomas Bourke, having illegally absented himself from his master, George Poindexter, 5 weeks, it is ordered he serve his master 10 weeks after the expiration of his service, and he is to make good what charges his master incurred. (York County, Virginia Records 1672 – 1676 abstracted & complied by Benjamin B. Weisiger III 1987)

22 March 1675/6 land he and Otho Thorpe owned at Middle Plantation was decided by (the) General Court (of York County, Virginia Coloy) to legally belong to John Clarke of Wrotham, [Kent County] in England [nephew of the deceased John Clarke] as listed in York Co., General Court, and Land Records. (Virginia Vital Records from The Virginia Magazine of History and Biogrpahy, the William and Mary College Quarterly [Papers, Vol. 1 No. 2. Oct. 1892, pp. 80-88], and Tyler’s Quarterly Indexed by Judith McChan, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1982 “In 1663 ‘Edward Wyat, gentleman’ patented John Clarke’s land at ‘Middle Plantation,’ as an escheat, and subsequently, with his wife Jane, sold it in 1667 to George Poindexter and Otho Thorpe, of Middle Plantation.” )

3 August 1676 in response to Nathaniel Bacon Jr.’s summons, a great company of people gathered at the house of Mr. Otho Thorpe at Middle Plantation. (Following Bacon’s Rebellion, Thorpe claimed his home had been commandeered by “General Bacon”. He requested reparations for the items “stolen” from his house and cargo which Bacon’s troops had confiscated from a ship Thorpe was a part owner of [Planters Adventure] with George Poindexter.)

1676 George imported orphan Hugh Steare aboard the Planters Adventure. Hugh is adjudged age 17 and is to serve until 24. Also imported orphan Jonathan Tickaray aboard same ship. His age is adjudged as 16 and he is to serve until 24. (Source Citations: Benjamin B. Weisiger, York County, Virginia Records 1672-1676 (n.p.: n.p., 1991), 158, quoting York County, Virginia Record Book 5:153.)

20 October 1677 he and his partners petitioned government regarding the repel of the exemption from taxes in regards to Virginia built and owned ships in connection with the co-owned enterprise of the ship Planters Adventure 447. Order of Grand Assembly begun at Middle Plantation at the house of Captain Otho Thorp, in reference to a petition of Col. Nathaniel Bacon and the rest of the owners of the ship Planters Adventure to be freed from paying the import of 2s per hogshead and Castle duties, as by Act of Assembly lately repealed which law they pray may not be construed to look backward to be allowed that privilege so long as said ship shall wholly belong to Virginia owners. (Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 84 Calendar of State Papers Colonial Series, America and West Indies 1677-1680 pg 169) “the desire to promote ship-building in the Colony still remained … appears from the Act passed in the winter of 1677, relieving the owners of a vessel built in Virginia and belonging to Virginians alone, of all duties except those imposed upon shipmasters in making entry, in clearing, and in securing license to trade, or in giving bond to sail directly to England.

By this Act, it will be observed that it was not sufficient that the vessel should simply belong to inhabitants of the Colony. It was distinctly stated that the privilege of exemption which had been enjoyed by such persons was withdrawn from them. It was urged by the owners of the Planters’ Adventure, among whom was [George Poindexter,] Nathaniel Bacon, Sr., all of his [their] associates being residents of Virginia, that their ship should continue to be exempt from the castle duty and the duty of two shillings a hogshead, as it would be unjust to apply the repeal of the provision to vessels which had for many years enjoyed its benefit. So active as well as so judicious were the steps now taken in Virginia to encourage the building of ships, that the apprehensions of the English Government were aroused. In 1680, Culpeper was ordered to annul the laws exempting the Virginian owners of vessels constructed in the Colony from the payment of duty on exported tobacco, together with the duty imposed upon incoming ships for the maintenance of the fort. The ground upon which this command was based was the injustice of granting special privileges to shipowners in Virginia which were not enjoyed by owners of English vessels trailing in Virginian waters. Moreover, the encouragement held out by the Virginian laws to Virginian ship-builders, would, in the judgment of the English authorities, impair the success of the Navigation Acts by creating a Virginian fleet which would be able to transport the tobacco to the mother country without the assistance of English vessels.

It would also, it was said at a later date, tempt the owners of English ships to enter them as belonging to Virginians. The order in council condemning these laws showed rather premature apprehension, since John Page and others, in a petition presented by them to Lord Culpeper in 1681, stated that there were but two ships in the Colony which were owned by citizens of Virginia and had been built in its confines.. The English Government apparently did not oppose the construction in the Colony of sea-going vessels, provided that their cargoes were made subject to the usual duties. (Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century: An inquiry into the material condition of the People, Based on Original and Contemporaneous Records by Philip A. Bruce, New York MacMillian and Col, 1896 Chapter XVII Manufactured Supplies: Domestic, Records of York County, vol. 1671-1694, p. 25, Va. State Library. Sloops were sufficiently large to hold as many as fifty hogsheads. See Records of Lancaster County, original vol. 1690-1709, p. 44. A shallop probably could not with safety carry more than twelve hogsheads. See Ibid., same page. The average cost of such a boat was about twenty-two pounds sterling. Records of Elizabeth City County, vol. 1684-1699, p. 489, Va. State Library.) Information about what a Hogshead was in colonial America.

1679 appointed Vestryman Bruton Parish, Middle Plantation, Virginia Colony (First appearance in Bruton Parish Vestry Book Responsibility for administering church matters was given to vestrymen elected by the people of the parish. The vestries determined the amount of taxes and tax rates necessary for the minister's salary, other church expenses, and relief of the poor. Religion in colonial Virginia was established by law. Because taxation was also a significant matter of law, vestrymen were usually wealthy politicians and often members of the House of Burgesses.)

5 June 1679 “a full description of the Church [Bruton Parish] to be built is given, together with articles of agreement between the vestry and George Marble, the contractor of the which was to cost £350 sterling. Owing to some disagreement we find the following entry: ‘Whereas Mr. Geo. Marable hath arrested Mr. George Poyndexter and Mr. George Martin, (members of this Vestry,) in an action of the case to ye 4th day of ye next Generall Court: this Vestry do ordain and appoint Major Robert Beverly their lawfull Attorney on the behalf of ye said Parish, to answer ye suit of ye said George Marable, and also to procure judgment for performance of ye arts of agreement made by ye said Mr. George Marable,’ etc.” (Historical Sketch of Bruton Church Williamsburg, Virginia 1903)

23 June 1681“an agreement was made between the Vestry and Capt. Francis Page to build the Church at the same place, but with several variations from Marable’s plan, for £150 sterling; ‘and sixty pounds of good, sound, merchantable sweet scented Tobacco and Caske, to be levied of each Tytheable in the parish for three years together–the first payment to commence this next ensuing crop.’ ” (Historical Sketch of Bruton Church Williamsburg, Virginia 1903)

2 July 1681 registration of birth of a slave owned by George Poindexter (First listing for George Poindexter in St. Peter’s Parish Records, New Kent County)

29 November 1683 “Whereas ye Brick Church at Middle Plantation is now finished, It is ordered yt all ye Inhabitants of ye said Parish, do for the future repair thither to hear Divine Service, and ye Word of God preached; And that Mr. Rowland Jones, Minister, do dedicate ye said Church ye Sixth of January next, being ye Epiphany.” (Historical Sketch of Bruton Church Williamsburg, Virginia 1903 Bronze Memorial still on wall of Bruton Parish reads “To the Glory of God and in memory of the Vestry of 1674-1683 who erected the first brick church upon this foundation The Honorable Co. Daniel Parke Mr. Rowland Jones, Minister John Page, James Besouth Major Otho Thorpe, Robert Cobb, James Bray Capt. Philip Chesley and William Aylett Church Wardens George Poyndexter, George Martin Samuel Timson, Hon. Thomas Ballard Capt. Francis Page, Treasurer, Alexander Bonyman, Clerk, and John Owens, Sidesman Attorney of the vestry, Major Robert Beverley).

c.1685 Built Christ’s Cross (Criss Cross) (Currently is one of the six oldest homes still standing and occupied in Virginia.)

1686-1701 Congregation of St. Peter’s Parish frequently met at Criss Cross until their church was completed in 1701.

1689 Elected a processioner for St. Peter’s Parish (St. Peter’s Parish Vestry Book)

12 May 1690 refused appointment to St. Peter’s Parish Vestry. (St. Peter’s Parish Vestry Book)

16 June 1691 wrote his will New Kent County, Virginia Colony (Do you have a copy of this will or know where the original is located?)

1 February 1693 registration of birth of a slave owned by Mrs. Susan Poindexter (First listing for Susannah Poindexter as owner of personal property in St. Peter’s Parish Records.) We believe George was deceased by this time.

15 July 1693 burial of Susana Poindexter (St Peter’s Parish Records.)

If you have come across any documented evidence concerning George or his immediate descendants that was not presented in the above timeline, would you please contact Robin Daviet and share those details. The more facts we have in front of us, the better chance we have of unraveling the truth from the fiction and developing an authentic and accurate picture of our mutual ancestor, George Poindexter/Poingdestre.
picture of Robin Daviet Robin Daviet
P.O. Box 628
Laveen, AZ 85339

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Updated February 19, 2022

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